Hello, Thanks for the reply. I was confused by how to interpret this line: "You do not need to be registered as self-employed if you earn £1,000 or less in a tax year as a sole trader." So to make sure I understand your helpful answer: that line is inaccurate? Or does it refer to something else entirely? Thanks for the clarification, and for the help wading through everything. And one more q: if visa circumstances change, how does one register for self-employment without registering for self-assessment? I saw this website, wherein it looks like one registers as self employed by registering for self-assessment: https://www.gov.uk/set-up-sole-trader. But what if one doesn't need to register for self-assessment?